As Cable operators are venturing into multiple access technologies, it has become quite clear that the next frontier in our industry is to evolve towards a Distributed Architecture. Whether that is by distributing just the PHY, or distributing both MAC and PHY, the trend is quite clear from both vendors and operators. This trend is intractably linked to two additional evolutions: Convergence of the various access technologies, and Virtualization of certain access network functions.
This paper will begin by outlining why and how the migration to a Distributed Architecture is necessary and beneficial. The paper will then expand into features that can be implemented with Distributed Architectures, and some of the resulting possibilities. Finally, this paper will discuss the topics of Convergence and Virtualization, and how these additional evolutions relate to each other, as follows:
1) Present why Distributed Architectures are useful, which would cover the following key benefits:
HE density increase, which is becoming critical as MSOs are segmenting service groups more and more, including moving towards fiber deep and passive networks
HFC network performance improvements by migrating to digital transport, especially as we move to DOCSIS 3.1 and would like to maximize the use of the higher order modulation rates that DOCSIS 3.1 offers
Trunk fiber savings as we move to higher capacity digital links that can be muxed much more than analog links, and
The ability to eventually virtualize the remaining upper layers of the CCAP
2) Discuss features that could be implemented in Distributed Architectures, which are not possible with the current analog forward and digital return links, such as:
Broadcast capacity replication
Multiple service groups per HE port
3) Present the concept of Access Network Convergence, explaining how a single network could be used for various access technologies, which will cover:
The use of Ethernet switches in the node
The use of multiple access technology modules in the node (RF, PON, etc.)
4) Finally, outline a network evolution strategy for services, and show how a Converged Access Network would make the evolution easier, including the Virtualization of Access Network Functions.